Short Biography William Shakespeare. William Shakespeare (). English poet and playwright – Shakespeare is widely considered to be the greatest. William Shakespeare Short Biography. This is a short biography of William Shakespeare. It includes the major facts about his life and work. William. Shakespeare (). England's genius. Compact Performer he was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, on 23rd April ;his father was a glove-.
|Language:||English, Dutch, French|
|Genre:||Health & Fitness|
|ePub File Size:||19.62 MB|
|PDF File Size:||10.70 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
William. S h ak esp eare: an overview of his life, times, and work an NAC English Theatre company William Shakespeare: Who was he, and why do we study him? .1 .. The short answer is that we don't know. William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April – 23 April ) was an English poet, playwright and Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated .. turns of plot, inspired a last poetic style in which long and short sentences are set against one Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable .. surprising turns of plot, inspired a last poetic style in which long and short.
Shakespeare's standard poetic form was blank verse , composed in iambic pentameter. In practice, this meant that his verse was usually unrhymed and consisted of ten syllables to a line, spoken with a stress on every second syllable.
The blank verse of his early plays is quite different from that of his later ones. It is often beautiful, but its sentences tend to start, pause, and finish at the end of lines , with the risk of monotony. This technique releases the new power and flexibility of the poetry in plays such as Julius Caesar and Hamlet.
Shakespeare uses it, for example, to convey the turmoil in Hamlet's mind: Sir, in my heart there was a kind of fighting That would not let me sleep. Methought I lay Worse than the mutines in the bilboes. Rashly— And prais'd be rashness for it—let us know Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well After Hamlet , Shakespeare varied his poetic style further, particularly in the more emotional passages of the late tragedies.
The literary critic A. Bradley described this style as "more concentrated, rapid, varied, and, in construction, less regular, not seldom twisted or elliptical". These included run-on lines , irregular pauses and stops, and extreme variations in sentence structure and length. The listener is challenged to complete the sense.
Shakespeare combined poetic genius with a practical sense of the theatre. This strength of design ensures that a Shakespeare play can survive translation, cutting and wide interpretation without loss to its core drama. He preserved aspects of his earlier style in the later plays, however. In Shakespeare's late romances , he deliberately returned to a more artificial style, which emphasised the illusion of theatre.
Shakespeare's work has made a lasting impression on later theatre and literature. In particular, he expanded the dramatic potential of characterisation , plot, language , and genre.
The Romantic poets attempted to revive Shakespearean verse drama, though with little success. Critic George Steiner described all English verse dramas from Coleridge to Tennyson as "feeble variations on Shakespearean themes. These include three operas by Giuseppe Verdi , Macbeth , Otello and Falstaff , whose critical standing compares with that of the source plays.
In Shakespeare's day, English grammar, spelling, and pronunciation were less standardised than they are now,  and his use of language helped shape modern English.
Shakespeare was not revered in his lifetime, but he received a large amount of praise. Between the Restoration of the monarchy in and the end of the 17th century, classical ideas were in vogue. A series of scholarly editions of his work, notably those of Samuel Johnson in and Edmond Malone in , added to his growing reputation. During the Romantic era , Shakespeare was praised by the poet and literary philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge , and the critic August Wilhelm Schlegel translated his plays in the spirit of German Romanticism.
The modernist revolution in the arts during the early 20th century, far from discarding Shakespeare, eagerly enlisted his work in the service of the avant-garde. The Expressionists in Germany and the Futurists in Moscow mounted productions of his plays. Marxist playwright and director Bertolt Brecht devised an epic theatre under the influence of Shakespeare. The poet and critic T.
Eliot argued against Shaw that Shakespeare's "primitiveness" in fact made him truly modern. Wilson Knight and the school of New Criticism , led a movement towards a closer reading of Shakespeare's imagery.
William Shakespeare Short Biography - 340 words
In the s, a wave of new critical approaches replaced modernism and paved the way for " post-modern " studies of Shakespeare. He encloses us because we see with his fundamental perceptions. Shakespeare's works include the 36 plays printed in the First Folio of , listed according to their folio classification as comedies , histories , and tragedies.
In the late 19th century, Edward Dowden classified four of the late comedies as romances , and though many scholars prefer to call them tragicomedies , Dowden's term is often used. Boas coined the term " problem plays " to describe four plays: Around years after Shakespeare's death, doubts began to be expressed about the authorship of the works attributed to him.
Shakespeare conformed to the official state religion, [k] but his private views on religion have been the subject of debate. Shakespeare's will uses a Protestant formula, and he was a confirmed member of the Church of England , where he was married, his children were baptised, and where he is buried. Some scholars claim that members of Shakespeare's family were Catholics, at a time when practising Catholicism in England was against the law. The strongest evidence might be a Catholic statement of faith signed by his father, John Shakespeare , found in in the rafters of his former house in Henley Street.
However, the document is now lost and scholars differ as to its authenticity. Scholars find evidence both for and against Shakespeare's Catholicism, Protestantism, or lack of belief in his plays, but the truth may be impossible to prove. Few details of Shakespeare's sexuality are known. At 18, he married year-old Anne Hathaway , who was pregnant. Susanna, the first of their three children, was born six months later on 26 May Over the centuries, some readers have posited that Shakespeare's sonnets are autobiographical,  and point to them as evidence of his love for a young man.
Others read the same passages as the expression of intense friendship rather than romantic love. No written contemporary description of Shakespeare's physical appearance survives, and no evidence suggests that he ever commissioned a portrait, so the Droeshout engraving , which Ben Jonson approved of as a good likeness,  and his Stratford monument provide perhaps the best evidence of his appearance.
From the 18th century, the desire for authentic Shakespeare portraits fuelled claims that various surviving pictures depicted Shakespeare. That demand also led to the production of several fake portraits, as well as misattributions, repaintings, and relabelling of portraits of other people.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the poet and playwright. For other persons of the same name, see William Shakespeare disambiguation. For other uses of "Shakespeare", see Shakespeare disambiguation. English playwright and poet. Stratford-upon-Avon , Warwickshire , England. Elizabethan Jacobean.
Anne Hathaway m. John Shakespeare father Mary Arden mother. Main article: Life of William Shakespeare. Main articles: Shakespeare's plays and William Shakespeare's collaborations. Shakespeare in performance. Shakespeare's sonnets. Thou art more lovely and more temperate Shakespeare's style. Shakespeare's influence. Shakespeare's reputation and Timeline of Shakespeare criticism.
Further information: Shakespeare bibliography and Chronology of Shakespeare's plays. Shakespeare authorship question. Religious views of William Shakespeare. Sexuality of William Shakespeare. Portraits of Shakespeare.
Under the Gregorian calendar , adopted in Catholic countries in , Shakespeare died on 3 May. In addition to presenting the town with a statue of Shakespeare, Garrick composed a doggerel verse, lampooned in the London newspapers, naming the banks of the Avon as the birthplace of the "matchless Bard". See Shakespeare's collaborations and Shakespeare Apocrypha for further details.
See Chronology of Shakespeare's plays for further details. This motto is still used by Warwickshire County Council , in reference to Shakespeare. Rowse , the 20th-century Shakespeare scholar, was emphatic: His will made that perfectly clear—in facts, puts it beyond dispute, for it uses the Protestant formula.
Ackroyd, Peter The Biography. Adams, Joseph Quincy A Life of William Shakespeare. Houghton Mifflin. Baldwin, T. Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois Press. Barroll, Leeds Politics, Plague, and Shakespeare's Theater: The Stuart Years. Cornell University Press. Bate, Jonathan The Soul of the Age. BBC News. Retrieved 23 April Bednarz, James P. In Cheney, Patrick Gerard. The Cambridge Companion to Christopher Marlowe.
Cambridge University Press. Bentley, G. A Biographical Handbook. New Haven: Yale University Press. Berry, Ralph Changing Styles in Shakespeare. Bevington, David Bloom, Harold The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages. New York: Riverhead Books. The Invention of the Human. Heims, Neil, ed. King Lear. Bloom's Shakespeare Through the Ages. Bloom's Literary Criticism. Boas, Frederick S.
Shakspere and His Predecessors. Charles Scribner's Sons. Bowers, Fredson On Editing Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Dramatists. University of Pennsylvania Press. Boyce, Charles Dictionary of Shakespeare. Ware, Herts, UK: Bradbrook, M. Shakespeare's Styles: Essays in Honour of Kenneth Muir. Bradley, A. Shakespearean Tragedy: Brooke, Nicholas Bryant, John In Levine, Robert Steven.
The Cambridge Companion to Herman Melville. Subscription required help. Carlyle, Thomas James Fraser. Casey, Charles Sonnet 20 and the politics of pedagogy".
College Literature. Cercignani, Fausto Shakespeare's Works and Elizabethan Pronunciation. Clarendon Press. Chambers, E. The Elizabethan Stage. William Shakespeare: A Study of Facts and Problems.
William Shakespeare Short Biography
Shakespearean Gleanings. Oxford University Press. Clemen, Wolfgang Shakespeare's Soliloquies. Clemen, Wolfgang a. Shakespeare's Dramatic Art: Collected Essays. Clemen, Wolfgang b. Shakespeare's Imagery. Cooper, Tarnya Searching for Shakespeare. Craig, Leon Harold Of Philosophers and Kings: University of Toronto Press. Cressy, David Education in Tudor and Stuart England. St Martin's Press. Crystal, David The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language.
William Blake. Dobson, Michael The Making of the National Poet: Shakespeare, Adaptation and Authorship, — Dominik, Mark Shakespeare—Middleton Collaborations. Beaverton, OR: Alioth Press. Dowden, Edward Drakakis, John In Drakakis, John. Alternative Shakespeares. Dryden, John Arnold, Thomas, ed. An Essay of Dramatic Poesy. Dutton, Richard; Howard, Jean E. A Companion to Shakespeare's Works: The Histories. Edwards, Phillip Shakespeare's Romances: Shakespeare Survey. Eliot, T. Elizabethan Essays.
Evans, G. Blakemore , ed. The Sonnets. The New Cambridge Shakespeare. Foakes, R. In Braunmuller, A. Fort, J. October The Review of English Studies. Original Series. III Friedman, Michael D. In Nelsen, Paul; Schlueter, June. Acts of Criticism: Performance Matters in Shakespeare and his Contemporaries. New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
Frye, Roland Mushat The Art of the Dramatist. London; New York: Gibbons, Brian Shakespeare and Multiplicity. Gibson, H. The Shakespeare Claimants: Grady, Hugh a. Shakespeare and Modern Theatre: The Performance of Modernity. Grady, Hugh b. In de Grazia, Margreta ; Wells, Stanley. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare. Greenblatt, Stephen Will in the World: How Shakespeare Became Shakespeare.
Greenblatt, Stephen ; Abrams, Meyer Howard , eds.
My English Pages | Learn English Grammar Online
The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Greer, Germaine Hales, John W. The Athenaeum. John C. Holland, Peter, ed. Honan, Park A Life. Honigmann, E. The 'Lost Years' Revised ed. Manchester University Press. Jackson, MacDonald P. Zimmerman, Susan, ed. Shakespeare Studies. Johnson, Samuel [first published ]. Lynch, Jack, ed. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary: Selections from the Work that Defined the English Language.
Delray Beach, FL: Levenger Press.
Jonson, Ben [first published ]. AND what he hath left vs". In Hinman, Charlton. The First Folio of Shakespeare 2nd ed. Kastan, David Scott Shakespeare After Theory. Kermode, Frank The Age of Shakespeare. Kinney, Arthur F. The Oxford Handbook of Shakespeare. Knutson, Roslyn Playing Companies and Commerce in Shakespeare's Time. Lee, Sidney Shakespeare's Life and Work.
Levenson, Jill L. Romeo and Juliet.
Levin, Harry In Wells, Stanley. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare Studies. Love, Harold Attributing Authorship: An Introduction. Maguire, Laurie E. Shakespearean Suspect Texts: The 'Bad' Quartos and Their Contexts. Mays, Andrea ; Swanson, James 20 April New York Post. Archived from the original on 21 April Retrieved 31 December McDonald, Russ Shakespeare's Late Style. McIntyre, Ian Harmondsworth, England: Allen Lane. Shakespeare and his Rivals: A Casebook on the Authorship Controversy.
Odyssey Press. Meagher, John C. Pursuing Shakespeare's Dramaturgy: Some Contexts, Resources, and Strategies in his Playmaking. Mowat, Barbara; Werstine, Paul n. Folger Digital Texts. Folger Shakespeare Library. Retrieved 30 December Muir, Kenneth Shakespeare's Tragic Sequence. Nagler, A.
At 18, William married Anne Hathaway, and the couple had three children over the next few years. No-one knows what Shakespeare did between — the last documentary record of his youth in Stratford — and when he is first mentioned in London.
What did Shakespeare write? Between about and , Shakespeare wrote at least 37 plays and collaborated on several more. Shakespeare also wrote 4 poems, and a famous collection of Sonnets which was first published in Was Shakespeare successful in his lifetime? For much of the period from September to June , the London playhouses were shut because of the plague. His successes enabled him in to download New Place , the second largest house in Stratford.
This success was not untainted by tragedy however: in his 11 year old son Hamnet, died. Julius Caesar was one of the first plays performed there.
Performances at the Globe were divided into three seasons with breaks around Christmas when the players performed at court; Lent, when playing was intermittent; and summer when the players toured the provinces escaping the infection and infestation of the city.
This patronage was a huge coup for the troupe, but Shakespeare was by no means a puppet playwright and he continued to write plays that posed difficult questions about kingship. The Jacobean works of —08 were darker and include the mature tragedies Othello, King Lear and Macbeth.
What are the quartos?Attributing Authorship: Rowe, Nicholas [first published ]. McDonald, Russ Homepage Study Pages. William Shakespeare 's Measure for Measure.
William Shakespeare 's Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare 's Troilus and Cressida. Sometime between and , he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men , later known as the King's Men.